We’re all involved about robots and synthetic intelligence taking up our jobs. Nevertheless, no one appears to be frightened concerning the jobs that have been taken over by earlier developments in know-how and even trendy robots.
A number of centuries and even many years in the past, a few of these professions have been mainstream and worthwhile. They disappeared when some easier-to-use applied sciences have been invented to take over their roles. In uncommon situations, developments in know-how proved that the career shouldn’t even exist.
10 Gong Farmer
A number of centuries in the past, what we contemplate a toilet (or rest room in Britain) was referred to as a privy. It was a raised board with a gap within the center as an alternative of a flush rest room. Customers sat there to do their enterprise. Their feces went down the opening into the cesspit under.
The cesspit quickly crammed up and wanted to be emptied. This was the job of the gong farmer.
Gong meant “going,” whereas farmer was used to check with the act of “harvesting” the “goings.” The gong farmers entered the tight cesspits the place the feces reached their waists. Typically, they employed a smaller boy to do the job. The boys scooped the feces into carts for transport to dumps the place the waste was transformed to fertilizer.
The gong farmers stank rather a lot, which isn’t shocking contemplating that bathing was alien to the individuals of the Center Ages. They smelled so dangerous that they have been typically confined to their houses and solely allowed to work at night time.
The job was additionally harmful. The feces produced toxic gases that would kill the gong farmers contained in the cesspit. Nevertheless, the good-looking pay made up for any humiliation or hazard they confronted. The job went extinct after sewage pipes and remedy crops crept up within the 19th century. Gong farmers nonetheless exist in some elements of the world, although.
9 Knocker Higher
Many years earlier than the alarm clock went mainstream, individuals trusted the knocker higher to wake them from sleep. Apparently, the career lasted till the 1970s.
The primary knocker uppers knocked or rang on the doorways of their paying clients. Nevertheless, they quickly found that this was dangerous for enterprise. Neighbors typically complained that the noise woke them up. The knocker uppers additionally realized that they typically woke nonpaying shoppers through the rounds. So the knocker uppers began tapping on the home windows of their shoppers with lengthy poles.
The faucet was loud sufficient to wake the paying shopper however quiet sufficient to wake nobody else. The knocker uppers didn’t cling round to make it possible for their shoppers have been awake and left after three or 4 faucets. The career began to vanish as electrical energy and alarm clocks turned widespread.
Most knocker uppers went out of enterprise within the 1940s and 1950s, they usually have been extinct by the 1970s.
eight Ice Cutter
From 1800 to 1920, individuals preserved their meals with ice harvested from frozen ponds by ice cutters who used ice axes and, later, handheld ice saws. The business boomed so properly that ice cutters began utilizing giant ice saws that required horses to tow.
A lot of the ice got here from the pure recent water within the northwest United States between January and February. The work was tedious. Ice cutters labored seven days every week in 10-hour shifts to reap sufficient ice earlier than temperatures rose in March. The ice cutters have been all the time vulnerable to falling into the frozen water.
The horses weren’t spared from the risks of the commerce, both. They have been equally susceptible to falling into the frozen ponds. Their dung additionally contaminated the ice. Most ice chopping companies even employed a “shine boy” to wash after the horses. The shine boy put the dung into a water-proof picket sleigh that he all the time carried alongside.
The harvested ice was saved in warehouses referred to as icehouses for export to different areas of the US and Europe. The icehouses have been constructed with double partitions, raised off the bottom, and full of sand, straw, sawdust, hay, charcoal, bark, and no matter would cease ice from melting. These buildings have been additionally situated removed from timber over considerations that the ice might turn out to be damp and soften.
Nevertheless, the business was not very predictable as a result of ice might soften or type improperly. It was uncommon for ice cutters to document two worthwhile harvest seasons back-to-back. The winners have been the farmers who owned the ponds. They often made extra from promoting ice from their frozen ponds than they did from peddling their crops. The business disappeared after the invention of the electrical fridge.
7 Match Maker
Centuries in the past, match-making corporations employed all-female labor forces to make matches. These ladies have been referred to as “matchstick women.” The job was harmful and tedious. This was very true at corporations like Bryant and Might which paid low wages, overworked staff, had strict regressive guidelines, and used harmful white phosphorous in manufacturing its matches.
Matchstick women at Bryant and Might labored 14 hours a day. They have been typically fined for minor infractions like dropping a match, speaking to coworkers, or clocking in late. Nevertheless, their largest menace was from the white phosphorous they labored with.
White phosphorous is poisonous. It might trigger a illness referred to as “phosphorous necrosis of the jaw,” which the women referred to as “phossy jaw.” The illness rotted the jawbone. Typically, it unfold to the mind, inflicting the sufferer to die a sluggish and agonizing dying. It might solely be handled by eradicating the broken jaw. Nevertheless, this might additionally result in demise.
6 Rectal Educating Assistant
Whereas we have been immersed in debates over whether or not robots and synthetic intelligence would seize our jobs sometime, robots crept behind us and snatched the career of the rectal educating assistant.
Medical personnel typically diagnose prostate most cancers by inserting their fingers into the anus to really feel the prostate gland. At one time, they have been educated with the rectum of a dwelling human who was referred to as a rectal educating assistant. Just one man in all the UK was licensed to develop into one.
Involved concerning the scarcity of rectal educating assistants, scientists at Imperial School London developed a robotic rectum that mimicked an actual human rectum. Sadly, the creation of the robotic meant that the one licensed rectal educating assistant within the UK misplaced his job.
The inventors say the robotic is best than a human. Cameras contained in the robotic permit medical personnel to see the internals of the robotic rectum on a pc display. There was no method they might have achieved that with a human.
5 Human Computer systems
The primary human computer systems appeared in 1939 when the Jet Propulsion Laboratory in California employed Barbara Canright as a human pc. Canright was chargeable for calculating every thing from the quantity of pressure required to take an airplane airborne to the quantity of rocket propellant required to get a rocket into area.
The complicated calculations have been finished with pencils and paper. Figuring out the journey time of a rocket took an entire day, and another calculations might take every week. A single calculation might fill as much as eight notebooks. Canright was later joined by Melba Nea, Virginia Prettyman, and Macie Roberts after the US obtained concerned in World Struggle II.
The human computer systems concentrated their efforts on the area race after the struggle. They have been liable for the calculations that put the US first satellite tv for pc in orbit, the Voyager probes into area, the primary unmanned rover on Mars, and Neil Armstrong and the Apollo 11 crew on the Moon.
The human computer systems nonetheless had the higher hand when NASA began experimenting with mechanical computer systems within the 1950s. Most individuals believed that people have been extra dependable than machines. Nevertheless, the people quickly misplaced their jobs to computer systems.
four Pin Boy
A couple of many years in the past, bowling alleys employed younger boys referred to as pinsetters, pin spotters, or pin boys to manually reset fallen bowling pins and return the bowling balls to gamers. The work had low pay and was typically part-time. Nevertheless, it was extremely demanding because the boys typically labored till midnight.
This began to vary when Gottfried Schmidt invented the mechanical pinsetter in 1936. The pinsetter was semiautomatic and nonetheless required human intervention. Some bowling alleys didn’t undertake the mechanical pinsetter and continued utilizing the pin boys. Nevertheless, the pin boys and the semiautomatic pinsetter quickly gave strategy to absolutely automated pinsetters.
The primary public streetlights appeared within the 18th century. They used fish oil for gasoline and required a lamplighter to mild them at night time and put them out within the mornings. The fish oil streetlight was later improved, resulting in the invention of the fuel lamp. Nevertheless, that additionally required a lamplighter.
These professionals used lengthy poles to mild the lamps at night time and extinguish the flames within the mornings. Lamplighters have been additionally chargeable for cleansing, sustaining, and repairing the lamps.
The career began to die off within the 1870s when the primary electrical streetlamps appeared. Electrical streetlights rendered the fuel fashions out of date within the US. Nevertheless, the UK was nonetheless caught with fuel lamps for a number of many years as a result of electrical lamps have been controversial there on the time. Lastly, the UK dumped fuel for electrical lamps.
Critics complained that their lights have been blinding, ugly, and too vibrant for the night time. Others identified that electrical energy was costly. The British Business Fuel Affiliation promoted fuel lamps as the higher various and intentionally sabotaged the adoption of the electrical lamp.
Electrical lamps solely took over within the 1930s. Nevertheless, round 1,500 fuel lamps nonetheless exist in London for historic causes.
2 Log Driver
Lengthy earlier than trains and vans got here alongside, timber that had been minimize down deep in forests was rolled into rivers and left to float downstream. Nevertheless, it typically received caught in miles-long logjams that would contain tens of hundreds of logs and required dynamite to interrupt up. A whole business sprang up round escorting the drifting logs downstream and clearing the logjams. The lads have been referred to as log drivers.
The job was harmful and tedious. These males typically adopted the logs in particular boats. Typically, they even jumped from log to log because the timber drifted downstream. Unfortunate log drivers fell into the water and drowned whereas escorting the logs or making an attempt to finish logjams. Some have been crushed to demise after falling between the logs.
1 Leech Collector
The leech collector was a quick career that sprang up and disappeared within the 1800s. On the time, bloodletting was used to empty blood from the physique to supposedly remedy illnesses. Physicians utilized leeches to suck blood from their sufferers.
Leech collectors quickly appeared to cater to the excessive demand for leeches. These jobs have been typically carried out by poor ladies who obtained leeches from ponds and different areas the place the creatures have been plentiful. The collectors used their legs (the popular, cheaper technique) or these of previous horses as bait to draw the leeches.
The ladies allowed the leeches to suck their blood for round 20 minutes earlier than pulling them off. This was as a result of a full leech was simpler to detach than a hungry one. However, this typically brought on accidents that bled for hours and resulted in vital blood loss. However the bleeding attracted extra leeches, which was good for enterprise.
The career began to die out after leeches turned scarce. Across the similar time, docs began to doubt that bloodletting actually labored. Medical developments quickly proved that the process didn’t work and was truly harmful. Bloodletting turned historical past, and the leech collectors adopted. The winners have been the leeches that have been saved from extinction.